北大国发院张丹丹老师论文为经济学顶级期刊之一的Economic Journ

2017年09月30日 13:09来源:网络整理手机版

北大国发院张丹丹老师论文为经济学顶级期刊之一的Economic Journal 接受

2017-09-22 18:03 来源:北大国发院BiMBA

原标题:北大国发院张丹丹老师论文为经济学顶级期刊之一的Economic Journal 接受

近日北大国发院张丹丹助理教授及合作者Alison Booth、 Elliott Fan、Xin Meng的论文“Gender Differences inWillingness to Compete: The Role of Culture and Institutions”被经济学顶级期刊之一的《Economic Journal》无修改意见接受。

北大国发院张丹丹老师论文为经济学顶级期刊之一的Economic Journ

该文利用实验经济学方法研究社会制度对竞争性行为性别差异的影响。首先,为识别出社会制度环境的影响,作者采用不同出生年份来区分个体关键成长期是处在计划经济体制或是在市场经济体制环境下。作者认为在计划经济体制以及马克思主义意识形态影响下,传统儒家思想受到冲击,女性地位被人为地提高,因此在这一社会背景下的女性竞争意识会更强,不同性别在竞争性行为上呈现的差异会缩小。

其次,为了消除时间趋势的一般性影响,作者选择台北作为北京的对照组进行跨地区的比较。台北和大陆文化上均受到传统儒家文化的影响,所不同的是台北未经历社会制度的变革。基于对两地、三个不同出生年份男女竞争性行为的实验数据,文章发现成长在计划经济体制下的女性甚至比男性更愿意竞争,同时比成长在市场经济环境下的女性更愿意竞争;无论是哪个出生年代的北京女性都比同年龄段的台北女性更愿意竞争;台北则没有北京数据所呈现的趋势。

研究表明,在一个人成长的关键阶段,所处的社会制度环境会对其行为偏好产生显著影响。男女之间的竞争意识差异不仅仅是先天形成的,同时也受后天制度和文化环境的深刻影响。这一发现也可以帮助我们理解中国女性劳动参与率相对其他国家和地区长期居高而近些年不断下降的原因。

文章英文摘要:

We report the results of a Beijing-based laboratory experiment that investigated gender differences in competitive choices across different birth cohorts of individuals who, during their crucial developmental-age, were exposed to one of two regimes: communist central planning or a market-oriented economy. To control for the general time trend, we use their counterparts in Taipei, who were subject to the same original Confucian traditions. Our findings confirm that: (i) Beijing females who grew up during the communist regime are more competitive than their male counterparts as well as more competitive than their female counterparts who grew up during the market economic regime; (ii) females in Beijing are, as a whole, significantly more likely to compete than females from Taipei; and (iii) for Taipei there are no statistically significant differences across cohort or gender in willingness to compete. Our findings confirm that exposure to different institutions and social norms during the crucial developmental age changes individuals' behaviour.

北大国发院张丹丹老师论文为经济学顶级期刊之一的Economic Journ

北大国发院张丹丹老师论文为经济学顶级期刊之一的Economic Journ

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